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Connections UK 2013.


2013 Programme. The Programme can be downloaded here.

BFBS TV Broadcast. A British Forces Broadcasting Service report is available here.

Day 1: Tuesday 3 September 2013

Topic 1: "Don't Lecture; Game!" Using Games for Educational Purposes.

The Educational Value of Wargames - Professor Phil Sabin Slide Pack PDF. Audio MP3 (77Mb). The flight simulator mentioned was YSFlight.

The Educational Value of Wargames - Colonel Uwe Heilmann Slide Pack PDF. Audio MP3 (46Mb).


Philip Sabin is Professor of Strategic Studies in the Department of War Studies at King's College London. He has worked closely with the UK military for many years, especially through the University of London Military Education Committee, the Chief of the Air Staff's Air Power Workshop, and KCL's academic links with the Defence Academy and the Royal College of Defence Studies.

Professor Sabin's current research and teaching involves strategic and tactical analysis of conflict dynamics, with a particular focus on ancient warfare and 20th century air power. He makes particular use of conflict simulation techniques to model the dynamics of various conflicts, and for ten years he has taught a higly innovative MA option module in which students design their own simulations of past conflicts.

He has written or edited 15 books and monographs and several dozen chapters and articles on a wide variety of military topics. His recent books Lost Battles (2007) and Simulating War (2012) both make major contributions to the scholarly application of conflict simulation techniques. Professor Sabin has appeared frequently on radio and television, and has given many lectures and conference addresses around the world.


Colonel Uwe Heilmann is Branch Head for C4ISTAR at the Joint Air Power Competence Centre, Kalkar, Germany. He joined the German Armed Forces (Bundeswehr, Luftwaffe) in July, 1977. In his first assignment after achieving a Masters Degree in Computer Science (at the Bundeswehr University Neubiberg, 1978-1982) he served as a programmer at the System Centre EIFEL 1, Birkenfeld.

Thereafter he was posted to the German Air Force Office for C2-Support in Cologne as Subject Matter Expert for Command and Control Information Systems. His main task there was the: management of the EIFEL CCIS and ACCS development. After the General Staff course (1990-1992) at the German Armed Forces Academy and Staff College, and after his time as Branch Head A6 (CIS/C2-Support) of the HQ 1st German Air Force Division, Messstetten, he served as Commander of the Signal Unit FmS123, Messstetten.

His next assignments were Instructor A6 at the German Armed Forces Academy and Staff College, Hamburg; Deputy J6 of HQ SFOR, Sarajevo and Subject Matter Expert for C2-Support/ACCS at the MoD, Air Staff III 5, Bonn. Colonel Heilmann has also served as Section Chief Plans & Concepts of the JFC Brunssum J6 Division and developer and custodian for national and NATO doctrine at the German Armed Forces Academy and Staff College, Hamburg before he became Branch Head C4ISTAR of the JAPCC, Kalkar.

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Topic 2: Using Wargames For Military Purposes.

Abstracted for Your Attention - Brian Train Slide Pack PDF. Audio MP3 (50Mb).

Rapid Campaign Analysis Toolset - Graham Longley-Brown and Jeremy Smith Slide Pack PDF. Audio MP3 (46Mb).

Wargaming for the Military - Jim Wallman Slide Pack PDF. Audio MP3 (28Mb).

DSTL - Mike Larner Slide Pack PDF. Audio MP3 (37Mb).


Brian Train is a freelance writer and game designer. Brian has been playing wargames for over 30 years, and designing them for over 20, with about 30 published designs to date. His articles have been published in Command, Cry Havoc!, Modern Warfare, MOVES, Simulacrum, Strategist, Strategy & Tactics, and World at War magazines. His games have been published by Decision Games, Fiery Dragon Productions, GMT Games, Lock n' Load Publishing, Microgame Design Group, and Schutze Games. His special interests in game design are irregular warfare, "pol-mil" games, and asymmetry in games generally. Consequently he has designed games on topics few or no other designers have touched. In his spare time, he is an Education Officer in the British Columbia Ministry of Advanced Education.


Graham Longley-Brown has wargamed since he was eight. He always preferred umpiring and creating scenarios to playing (and generally losing). He delights in wargame rules and has been known to laugh out loud at particularly clever mechanisms. A British Army Officer since 1986 (and still in the Reserves), he has used wargaming for professional purposes wherever fellow officers have been willing to listen. He was the UK Joint Services Command and Staff College Directing Staff Subject Matter Expert for wargaming from 2000-2002, including an exchange with the US Command and General Staff Course and National Simulation Centre at Fort Leavenworth.

Since leaving the Regular Army in 2003, Graham has made a living as a self-employed consultant in all-matters professional wargaming, primarily using computers as the simulation. He now calls himself a wargame designer and has designed and delivered wargames, or elements thereof, at UK and European Staff Colleges, the NATO Joint Warfare Centre, the UK Defence, Science and Technology Laboratory, the American, British, Canadian and Australian Armies Programme, the Royal Brunei Armed Forces, the Pakistan National Defence University, the US Army in Europe and many others. He is a published author on professional wargaming and has recently written the Course of Action Wargaming section for the UK Army's Staff Officer's Handbook. The purpose of his website,, is to spread wargaming best practice.


Jeremy is Head of the Centre for Simulation and Analytics, Cranfield University, UK Defence Academy. He has 13 years' experience in academia with Cranfield University at the UK Defence Academy. He previously worked in BAE Systems and for EASAMS Ltdon weapons development and assessment.

He is head of the Centre for Simulation and Analytics at Cranfield which includes all of the Operational Analysis, Modelling and Simulation and Mathematical Analysis activities. This role involves teaching management and project management and consultancy and research. He lectures in systems engineering, defence acquisition,technology management and operational analysis/research topics.

He leads research and consultancy activities including wargamingand other operational analysis/research developments, dismounted close combat systems, vehicle system developments, infantry training system simulations and technology trend analysis.


Jim Wallman is Director of Past Perspectives. He is a professional game designer specialising in manual games for developing insights, strategy and team development and for education, with over twenty years experience in the field.

Having drawn not only on a study of the psychology of play and games design, Jim has also held 'real world' chief executive roles in the voluntary and business sectors, as well as senior roles in the public sector. His experience as chief executive of a psychotherapy training institute in particular added to the insights brought to his game designs. His experiences have been primarily around leading organisations through change and strategic development. Early in his career he held management roles within the Ministry of Defence, including in HR, budget management and equipment procurement.

As Director of Past Perspectives he has worked on games supporting leadership and organisational issues within international corporations, UK government departments, the Armed Forces, charities, colleges and national museums. Current projects include developing games for therapeutic work, creativity and exploring 'wicked problems' in the context of leadership development. He can be contacted via


Mike Larner was appointed Domain Leader for Strategy & Capability at DSTL in early 2010. He is responsible for the design and delivery of a programme of research and analysis aimed at informing the development of MOD high level strategy, policy and capability, as well as improving the cost effectiveness of training, evaluation and simulation. As part of this, he sponsors a portfolio of international research collaboration and is the UK National Representative for TTCP Joint Systems & Analysis Group.

Mike has nearly two decades of experience working in Defence as an operational analyst and research leader. Previous roles have included: establishing and leading the first tranche of embedded "science gateways" to provide enhanced access to & exploitation of science & technology by the UK Defence Equipment & Support organisation; ISTAR capability advisor; 3 years seconded to the ISTAR capability customer in MOD centre; ISTAR analyst; and surface-to-air combat analyst.

Mike is a member of the Operational Research Society and an Advisory Director of the US Military Operations Research Society. He holds an MSc in Operational Research from Southampton University, a MASt in Applied Mathematics & Theoretical Physics from Cambridge University and a BSc in Mathematical Physics from Nottingham University.

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Games Fair

Keynote Address - "Once and Future Kriegsspiel"

Once and Future Kriegsspiel - Dr Peter Perla Slide Pack PDF. Audio MP3 (100Mb).


Peter Perla has more than 35 years of experience in operations research and analysis, research leadership, organizational assessment, and systems simulation and gaming for Government and commercial clients. He has given numerous invited speeches and received several awards from his peers. He is a world-recognized leader in the field of serious games, particularly in the use of wargaming to explore issues and teach concepts.

He has produced and analyzed games for the U.S. Department of Education, Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Agriculture, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; for the departments of health of Washington D.C. and New York City; and for courses at George Washington University and Syracuse University.

Dr. Perla has published several articles in both the gaming and professional military press, and his papers have won both a Hugh Nott award from the Naval War College Review and the Walker Award from the Military Operations Research Society. He is the author of The Art of Wargaming (Naval Institute Press and John Curry's History of Wargaming series), and the designer of three commercially published wargames. He is working currently to develop new wargaming techniques for exploring potential warfare in the 21st Century.

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Day 2: Wednesday 4 September 2013

Topic 3: "The Fuzzy Edges of Wargaming" Exploring non-kinetic conflict dynamics.

The Fuzzy Edges of Wargaming - Professor Rex Brynen Slide Pack PDF. Audio MP3 (48Mb).

The Peace Support Operations Model - Colin Marston Slide Pack PDF. Audio MP3 (57Mb).

Working Out The Fuzzy Stuff - Major Tom Mouat Slide Pack PDF. Audio MP3 (46Mb).

The Emergency Capacity Building Project - David Hockaday Slide Pack PDF. Audio MP3 (43Mb).


Rex Brynen is Professor of Political Science at McGill University (, and coeditor of the conflict simulations website PAXsims ( He is author, coauthor, or (co)editor of 11 books on political development and regional conflict in the Middle East, including the recent coauthored volume Beyond the Arab Spring: Authoritarianism and Democratization in the Arab World (2012).

He has also served as a member of the political and security policy staff of the Canadian foreign ministry, as an intelligence analyst for the Privy Council (cabinet) Office, and as a consultant to various governments, United Nations agencies, and the World Bank. In 2011 he won the International Studies Association's Deborah Gerner Innovative Teaching Award for his work on classroom simulations.


Colin is Field Team Leader and Principal Analyst for the wargames that Dstl conducts in support of the NATO plan. He has predominantly worked in the Support to Operations (S2O) environment, having been deployed as an Operational Analyst to Afghanistan and Iraq. At Dstl, he has project managed and provided technical leadership to a range of projects.

He ran Dstl's Stabilisation Programme for five years, which involved delivering numerous wargames using PSOM (a Peace Support Operations Model) for a range of NATO and MOD customers. More recently, he has been a technical partner, alongside Cranfield University, for the Rapid Campaign Assessment Toolset (RCAT). He served for three years in the Territorial Army (Infantry) and has a BSc (Hons) in Physics with Astrophysics.


Major Mouat joined the British Army in 1979. He is a Graduate of the Army Staff College and has served worldwide. He is an expert in both manual and computer-based simulation systems, running large scale military training exercises, and designing wargames. He was the principal Exercise Planning Officer for Headquarters ARRC for 2 years prior to their first deployment to Bosnia. In Bosnia he ran the Joint Military Commission for 12 months and was awarded an MBE. Following this he ran the British Army's principal land-based computer simulation system for 3 years. Since then he has been involved in numerous exercises and training events (both computer-assisted and manual).

He also served as a Requirements Manager in the UK MOD's procurement organization for nearly 5 years. He was awarded the Chief of Defence Material Commendation for innovation and costs saving while he was there. He has a Masters Degree in Simulation and Modelling, has published articles and delivered lectures about simulations, military history and wargames for professional development, education and recreation since 1983. He is a contributing author to the "Handbook of Research on Serious Games as Educational, Business and Research Tools" as well as "Dark Guest: Training Games for Cyberwarfare".

He is currently the Directing Staff officer responsible for Modelling and Simulation at the Defence Academy of the UK and has recently been awarded the Chief Scientific Officer's Commendation for his contribution to science and technology.


David Hockaday is the Global Field Project Manager for the Emergency Capacity Building (ECB) Project. The ECB Project is a unique and ambitious collaborative initiative between 6 of the world's largest International Non Governmental Organisations (INGOs) to improve the speed, quality and effectiveness of emergency response to disasters. In this role David coordinates and supports the work of five consortia in Bangladesh, Bolivia, Indonesia, Horn of Africa and Niger.

David has also led the ECB Simulation Project, providing an opportunity for field level practitioners to model responses to disasters in a safe learning space. David has over 17 years experience in humanitarian disaster response and has worked on disasters in India, Cambodia, South Sudan, Myanmar, Bangladesh and many other places. For more information about the ECB Project visit

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Topic 4: Addressing the Common Faults of Wargaming in the Military.

Common Faults and Recurring Errors - Graham Longley-Brown Slide Pack PDF. Audio MP3 (52Mb).

The Problems with Wargaming in the Military - Major General Andrew Sharpe Slide Pack PDF. Audio MP3 (70Mb).


Andrew Sharpe has a long track record as an accomplished strategist, operational artist, combat soldier, military educationalist, director, leader, soldier-scholar, speaker and lecturer.

During 34 years of military service, and nine operational tours, he commanded on operations in all ranks from second-lieutenant to brigadier general. He has held posts that have required the leading of operational and strategic planning, both nationally and in international coalitions, forming strategic concepts and turning them into effective operational and tactical execution. He was the Deputy Commandant of the UK Joint Services Command and Staff College and the Director of the UK Higher Command and Staff Course ('the Generalship Course'). He left the British Army as a Major General, completing his military career as the Director of the UK MoD's independent think-tank: the DCDC. For three years he ran (and remains a member of) the UK Chief of Defence Staff's Strategic Advisory Panel (a group of some of the UK's finest strategic academics and practitioners).

As the Executive Vice President of IR Consilium Ltd he partners with governments, international organisations and businesses to provide strategic advice, support and mentoring. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Strategic Studies Institute of Exeter University; a Senior Research Officer with the Cambridge Security Analysis Institute, CamSAI; and he lectures and advises widely and internationally on strategic and operational art. He is also a member of the Board of Trustees of The Poppy Factory and a Liveryman of the Worshipful Company of Bowyers. He has an MA in International Studies from King's College London, and is completing a PhD in the strategic leadership of international intervention at Trinity College Cambridge.

Topic 5: Addressing the Stigma and Scepticism Wargaming Attracts.

The Stigma of Wargaming - Professor Phil Sabin Slide Pack PDF. Audio MP3 (70Mb). (Please note that Professor Sabin was forced to whisper his address because of a severe cold).

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Topic 6: The Future of Connections UK and Maintaining the Wargaming Community.

Connections UK Hot Washup - Matt Caffrey Slide Pack PDF.


Mr. Matthew B. Caffrey Jr. is the Air Force Material Command (AFMC) Lead for the Air Force Chief of Staff's Title 10 far term wargame, and AFMC's integrator for Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) Wargaming. Previous positions include; Lead, Future Warfare Analysis Team, Directorate of Plans and Programs, HQ AFRL. Professor of Wargaming and Campaign Planning at the Air Command and Staff College, Research Associate at the School of Advanced Airpower Studies, and Senior Analyst for the SYSCON Corporation.

A retired Colonel in the Air Force Reserve, his assignments included Senior Reservist, Information Directorate, AFRL and Chief, Wargaming, Checkmate, HQ USAF, the Pentagon, Washington DC. Accomplishments include: Founder of Connections. Developer of; the 3rd Generation Wargame concept, the Strategy Cycle and AFMC's Wargame Course. Designer of; the AFMC/Royal Air Force Agile Combat Support/Science and Technology wargame, the Air Force Research Libratory (AFRL) Wargame, Joint Resource Allocation Exercise (JRAX), and the Joint Deployment Employment Exercise (JDEX). He co-authored the Gulf War Fact Book, and has written several chapters and many articles. He is a frequent speaker on wargaming, from the German War College to the Pentagon. He is writing, On Wargaming, a book on the history, application, and potential of wargaming.