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Connections UK 2014.

Conference

2014 Programme is available for download here.
A short video of Connections 2014 and Prof Sabin's Consim Course is available here for download or available here on YouTube.
Short Summary: A review of the Conference Proceedings on the PaxSims Blog is here: Day One and here: Day Two.

Wargaming 101 Session.

The Wargaming 101 Session was a short course presented by Jim Wallman and Tom Mouat serving as an introduction to professional Wargame design. It was intended for beginners and we have provided copies of all the course material:

101 Session
We have had multiple requests for "The Class of 1927" slide as a PowerPoint slide, so you can download it here and here as an image. (Revised 12/10/14)

101 Session

101 Session

Jim Wallman is a professional game designer specialising in manual games for developing insights, strategy and team development and for education, with over twenty five years' experience in the field. He has designed and delivered map wargames at political, strategic and operational level for the UK Defence community; board games for the British Army; over 40 published sets of sand table wargaming rules; and command and decision games covering issues such as equipment development, political crises, strategic planning, and civil disorder. He has worked extensively with the corporate, public, educational and voluntary sectors, in particular designing and implementing games for senior leadership development and analytical wargames for the UK MOD and the voluntary sector. His background and training is primarily in the social science and history fields, with a particular interest in the practical application of positive psychology to game structures and immersive gameplay.

Tom Mouat joined the British Army in 1979. He is a Graduate of the Army Staff College and has served worldwide. He is an expert in both manual and computer-based simulation systems, running large scale military training exercises, and designing wargames. He was the principal Exercise Planning Officer for Headquarters ARRC for 2 years prior to their first deployment to Bosnia. In Bosnia he ran the Joint Military Commission for 12 months and was awarded an MBE. Following this he ran the British Army's principal land-based computer simulation system for 3 years. Since then he has been involved in numerous exercises and training events (both computer-assisted and manual). He also served as a Requirements Manager in the UK MOD's procurement organization for nearly 5 years. He was awarded the Chief of Defence Material Commendation for innovation and costs saving while he was there. He has a Masters Degree in Simulation and Modelling, has published articles and delivered lectures about simulations, military history and wargames for professional development, education and recreation since 1983. He is a contributing author to the "Handbook of Research on Serious Games as Educational, Business and Research Tools" as well as "Dark Guest: Training Games for Cyberwarfare". He is currently the Directing Staff officer responsible for Modelling and Simulation at the Defence Academy of the UK and has recently been awarded the Chief Scientific Officer's Commendation for his contribution to science and technology.



Day 1: Wednesday 3 September 2014.

Plenary 1: How the British Army Uses Wargaming.

Gardiner


General Andrew Sharpe.    Opening Remarks Audio MP3 (5Mb).
Major Mark Nooney, RMAS.    Slide Pack PDF. Audio MP3 (7Mb).
Major Marcus Miles, Directorate of Land Warfare.    Slide Pack. Audio MP3 (12Mb).
Lieutenant Colonel Ivor Gardiner, CO 1 R Irish.    Slide Pack. Audio MP3 (29Mb).
Colin Marston, DSTL (standing in for Tony Hopkins).    Slide Pack. Audio MP3 (13Mb).

Andrew Sharpe commanded on operations in all ranks from second-lieutenant to brigadier During 34 years of military service, and nine operational tours. In addition to his service in the Field Army, he has held posts that have required the leading of operational and strategic planning, both nationally and in international coalitions, forming strategic concepts and turning them into effective operational and tactical execution. He was the Deputy Commandant of the UK Joint Services Command and Staff College and the Director of the UK Higher Command and Staff Course ('the Generalship Course'). He left the British Army as a Major General, completing his military career as the Director of the UK MoD's independent think-tank: the DCDC. For three years he ran the UK Chief of Defence Staff's Strategic Advisory Panel. As an independent consultant, and with companies such as DRPM Group, Assaye Risk and Capplex, he partners with governments, international organisations and businesses to provide strategic and operational advice, support and mentoring. He is a Visiting Senior Research Fellow of King's College London; an Honorary Fellow of the Strategic Studies Institute of the University of Exeter; a Senior Research Officer with the Cambridge Security Analysis Institute; an Expert Panel member of the Cambridge Governance Labs; and he lectures and advises widely and internationally on strategy, leadership and operational art. He is a member of the Board of Trustees of The Poppy Factory. He has an MA in International Studies from King's College London, and is completing a PhD in the strategic leadership of international intervention at Trinity College Cambridge.

Mark Nooney is a Company Commander at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.
Marcus Miles is a Staff Officer working at the Directorate of Land Warfare.

Ivor Gardiner was born in South Africa in 1969 where he served as an infantry platoon commander, seeing service in SWA (Namibia) in 1989, after which he worked across the breadth of southern Africa as a safari guide before studying a BSc. He joined the British Army in 1996 and commissioned in 1997. He served as the 1 R IRISH Anti-Tank Platoon Commander in Catterick, deploying with the Bn in 1999 on Op AGRICOLA to Kosovo. He subsequently completed P Coy and thereafter Selection to serve as a Mobility Troop Commander; with deployments to Sierra Leone (Op BARRAS), Cote d'Ivoire and Iraq (Op ROW), before returning to 1 R IRISH as OC A Coy and moving with the Bn to Fort George, Inverness. In this role, which he describes as his best 2 years in the Army yet, he developed his company for a mountain role and deployed to NI and Iraq (Op TELIC 6/7). At the end of this period of Regimental Duty, he attended ACSC 9 and was posted to the MOD as SO2 SF Cap in D Jt Cap. He then returned to join 1 R IRISH as Bn 2IC while they were deployed in Afghanistan on Op HERRICK 8. Over the ensuing period, the Bn also enjoyed a period on SLE (including a superb exercise in Malaysia) and commenced PDT for H13. He then returned to MOD A Block to serve in the capacity of SO1 Capability. He is married to Alexandra, from Killyleagh (from which he tenuously claims some Irish credentials) and they have 2 (half Irish!) children, Tabitha (8) and Patrick (4). He enjoys sport (when his body now permits) and has an enduring love for the outdoors and conservation. He is also in danger of being a military bore, combining work with hobby through a passion for all things military history.

Colin Marston is a Principal Analyst at the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl). He has predominantly worked in the Support to Operations (S2O) environment, having been deployed as an Operational Analyst to Afghanistan and Iraq. At Dstl, he has project managed and provided technical leadership to a range of projects and has been involved in numerous international research collaborations. He ran Dstl's Stabilisation Programme for five years, which involved delivering numerous wargames using PSOM (a Peace Support Operations Model) for a range of NATO and MOD customers. In 2011 he was the Field Team Leader responsible for two large deployments of analysts (Dstl and US) to deliver wargames to support the future planning of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) mission in Afghanistan. This work received a Chief Scientific Award. It was also awarded the OR Society's President's Medal in 2012. He is the Technical Partner, alongside Cranfield University, for the Rapid Campaign Assessment Toolset (RCAT). He served for three years in the Territorial Army (Infantry) and has a BSc (Hons) in Physics with Astrophysics.



Icebreaker: Kriegsspiel 1914: Schlieffen.

Gardiner

Professor Phil Sabin, King's College London.    Slide Pack. Audio MP3 (33Mb).
Gardiner


Philip Sabin is Professor of Strategic Studies in the Department of War Studies at King's College London. He has worked closely with the UK military for many years, especially through the University of London Military Education Committee, the Chief of the Air Staff's Air Power Workshop, and KCL's academic links with the Defence Academy and the Royal College of Defence Studies. Professor Sabin's current research and teaching involves strategic and tactical analysis of conflict dynamics, with a particular focus on ancient warfare and 20th century air power. He makes particular use of conflict simulation techniques to model the dynamics of various conflicts, and for ten years he has taught a higly innovative MA option module in which students design their own simulations of past conflicts. He has written or edited 15 books and monographs and several dozen chapters and articles on a wide variety of military topics. His recent books Lost Battles (2007) and Simulating War (2012) both make major contributions to the scholarly application of conflict simulation techniques. Professor Sabin has appeared frequently on radio and television, and has given many lectures and conference addresses around the world.



Plenary 2: What is business Wargaming and how is it used?

Ulrich

Dr Arnoud Franken, Cranfield University.    Slide Pack. Audio MP3 (20Mb).
Dr Sarah Ulrich, Deloitte.    Slide Pack. Audio MP3 (16Mb).

Dr. Arnoud Franken realised early in his career as an R&D engineer in the energy and aerospace industries that business success in a changing world cannot be achieved solely through advanced technology. Therefore, he expanded his research, teaching and consultancy interests into developing and delivering practical approaches to strategy and change management based on simple principles of human nature and the uncertainties of dynamic environments. He has many years of experience working with leading organisations in the aerospace and defence, information technology, pharmaceutical and financial services industries with the primary focus on connecting people across the worlds of technology, business and strategy to realise better performance from investments and enrich life. Dr Arnoud Franken has authored various book chapters on business change and British aviation history, and published his work in leading journals such as Harvard Business Review, California Management Review and Jane's Defence Weekly.

Dr. Sara Ulrich is a Senior Manager at Deloitte UK. She is leading the Simulations and War games competency part of the Resilience & Crisis Management practice. And is a recognised global expert on all things simulations/war games. Sara has over 14 years' experience in the fields of simulations & war games, strategy, crisis management and negotiations. With an early background in International Relations and Law, she has achieved a double-headed expertise as a proven Academic (Visiting fellow at Harvard and Texas A&M, Lecturer at Paris-South University) and Business consultant (Deloitte and King's College spin-out company Simulstrat). She has taught international relations and crisis management using simulations in more than 25 countries. She was Visiting Lecturer at King's College London and has close ties with RUSI, Harvard's Program on Negotiation and Paris' University XI-Conflicts & Modes of Settlement Centre. She holds a Post-Doc (Harvard and Texas A&M), a Ph.D. (Paris XI), an MPhil in Negotiations (Paris) and two LLMs (France & Germany).



Breakout 1: What can defence and non-defence wargamers learn from one another´s approaches?

Breakout

Professor Rex Brynen, McGill University. Feedback from breakout sessions: Audio MP3 (20Mb).

Rex Brynen is Professor of Political Science at McGill University, and coeditor of the conflict simulations website PAXsims. He is author, coauthor, or (co)editor of 11 books on political development and regional conflict in the Middle East, including the recent coauthored volume Beyond the Arab Spring: Authoritarianism and Democratization in the Arab World (2012). He has also served as a member of the political and security policy staff of the Canadian foreign ministry, as an intelligence analyst for the Privy Council (cabinet) Office, and as a consultant to various governments, United Nations agencies, and the World Bank. In 2011 he won the International Studies Association's Deborah Gerner Innovative Teaching Award for his work on classroom simulations.



Plenary 3: How do other Militaries use Wargaming?

Erik Nordstrand, Swedish Defence Research Agency and Johan Elg, Swedish Defence College.    Slide Pack. Slide Pack. Audio MP3 (14Mb).
Lt Col Sébastien de Peyret, French Army Centre for Force Employment Doctrine.    Slide Pack. Audio MP3 (15Mb).
Matt Caffery, Air Force Materiel Command.    Slide Pack. Audio MP3 (11Mb).
Dr Stephen Downes-Martin, US Naval War College.    Slide Pack. Audio MP3 (11Mb).

Erik Nordstrand is Research Director at the Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI). He has a Ph.D. in Analytical chemistry and has worked full-time at FOI with analytical gaming for more than ten years. Starting as an Operational researcher eighteen years ago for the AF Headquarters he worked in that role both with long and short term defence planning and studies of different weapon systems. Involved early in gaming activities he gradually made that his full-time occupation at FOI. Erik has a broad experience of using seminar games for both the military and the civilian field as well as the experience of games on a wide range of problems in these contexts. Erik has among other things been responsible for and conducted small and large seminar games including: TTP:s for helicopters in Afghanistan, long and short term defence planning, the reorganisation of peace time organisations of the AF headquarter and different services, the need to change the present laws in order to better respond to terrorist attacks (Department of Justice) and bi-nationally; looking at the need of research in order to better handle the effects of terrorist attacks (the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (present name) with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security). Erik has written several manuals (in Swedish) on seminar games for analytical purposes and held courses at the FOI Division of Defence Analysis in this field and on long term defence planning for the Baltic Defence College. He is also responsible for the computer war gaming club at FOI and an active participant in the Swedish Defence College's board (war) gaming club.

Johan Elg is a Major in the Swedish Army Reserve and since September 2013 a Ph.D. Candidate in War Studies at King's College. He has worked as a Lecturer in War Studies, especially Wargaming, at the Swedish Defence College since 2007. In this role he is running and supporting Wargaming, for Officer Cadets in the basic courses to Majors in the higher staff course. His military background is the Engineer Corps. He is today a staff officer in civil-military co-operation at the Swedish Joint Forces Command. His academic background is studies in international politics (MA) at Uppsala University (SWE). He has also studied politics at Durham University (UK), and the Japanese language at Nihon (JPN) and Stockholm (SWE) Universities. Since the early 1990s Johan Elg has been a hobby designer and user of wargames; from small tactical miniatures to grand strategy pbem games. One of his wargames, the Boardgame Mechanized Battalion, is used in tactical education for Army Cadets. He has published articles such as: 'Wargaming and military operations: the Japanese planning before Midway 1942' (in Swedish 2008) and 'The challenges to achieve realistic and validated outcomes in Wargaming' (in Swedish 2012).

Sébastien de Peyret is a French infantry officer specialising in urban operations training. He has been involved in various types of training activities within the French military, the French-German brigade and in various European training sites. He has been an instructor in the French officer school of Saint-Cyr, chief of operational training in the French urban training centre (CENZUB), and an operational advisor in the Middle East. He has participated in the NATO urban operations task group for the last 6 years, and is now assigned to Army Centre for Force Employment Doctrine (CDEF) in Paris. Based on personal experience of the use of wargame for training, he is currently developing 'Urban Operations', a tactical boardgame for gamers and for professional users, which shall be edited in English by Nuts! Publishing in 2015.

Matthew B. Caffrey Jr. is the Air Force Material Command (AFMC) Lead for the Air Force Chief of Staff's Title 10 far term wargame, and AFMC's integrator for Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) Wargaming. Previous positions include; Lead, Future Warfare Analysis Team, Directorate of Plans and Programs, HQ AFRL. Professor of Wargaming and Campaign Planning at the Air Command and Staff College, Research Associate at the School of Advanced Airpower Studies, and Senior Analyst for the SYSCON Corporation. A retired Colonel in the Air Force Reserve, his assignments included Senior Reservist, Information Directorate, AFRL and Chief, Wargaming, Checkmate, HQ USAF, the Pentagon, Washington DC. Accomplishments include: Founder of Connections. Developer of; the 3rd Generation Wargame concept, the Strategy Cycle and AFMC's Wargame Course. Designer of; the AFMC/Royal Air Force Agile Combat Support/Science and Technology wargame, the Air Force Research Libratory (AFRL) Wargame, Joint Resource Allocation Exercise (JRAX), and the Joint Deployment Employment Exercise (JDEX). He co-authored the Gulf War Fact Book, and has written several chapters and many articles. He is a frequent speaker on wargaming, from the German War College to the Pentagon. He is writing, On Wargaming, a book on the history, application, and potential of wargaming.

Dr. Stephen Downes-Martin has over 30 years of experience in developing and applying war gaming, game theory, decision analysis, and systems thinking to tactical, operational and strategic military problems for a wide variety of government, military, aerospace, and commercial organizations in the U.S. and abroad. Stephen is currently a Research Professor at the US Naval War College, where he assists various agencies within the US Government to solve operational and strategic problems. His research focus is on how decision support and assessment methods can be manipulated to deceive decision makers, how decision makers misuse such methods to deceive themselves, how to detect such attempts and protect from them. He teaches critical thinking, war gaming, game theory, risk analysis, deception and manipulation techniques to faculty and students. His education includes a PhD from London University, MA (with Distinction) from the US Naval War College (JPME Phase I), Master of Advanced Study (Mathematics) from Cambridge University, and industrial and academic courses in business management, science and technology, and liberal arts. Stephen has published widely, and has been an invited speaker in the US, Europe and the former Soviet Union on business, international security and technology issues. He was a reserve military intelligence officer in the British Army, and is now a US citizen. In 2010 Stephen was awarded the Superior Civilian Service medal for in-Theater support of I Marine Expeditionary Force (Forward) and Regional Command (Southwest) in Afghanistan. During Spring 2012 he supported in-Theater the Afghan Assessment Group at ISAF HQ, Kabul.

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Keynote Address: Colonel David Schroeder, US Army Reserve.

Colonel David Schroeder.    Slide Pack. Audio MP3 (36Mb).

David Schroeder is a globally experienced business consultant, a distinguished military officer, and a critically acclaimed designer of historical military simulations. He has worked with companies around the world increase their productivity and profitability. Dave has degrees in Electrical Engineering and Business Management. He works with management teams to help them identify the strengths and weaknesses of their organizations. He then works with them to develop strategies and tactics to help them improve business results and deal with vexing problems. A Colonel in the Army Reserve, and has received numerous awards. He was selected by the Army to appear with the Chief of Staff in a video on Army Six Sigma efforts. He led the efforts to his installation (Fort Douglas) being named the best in the Army Reserve. He is the author of numerous nonfiction titles, and has published a number of well-received detailed studies on World War One. He is the designer and publisher of the acclaimed "Der Weltkrieg" simulation series. He wrote "Business in the Trenches", which uses stories from World War One to discuss common business problems and their solutions.

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Day 2: Thursday 4 September 2014.

Plenary 4 - Wargaming Approaches Used in Defence - Seminar Wargames.

Dr Katherine Banko, Canadian Army Land Warfare Centre.    Slide Pack. Audio MP3 (15Mb).

Katherine Banko is a Senior Defence Scientist with Defence Research and Development Canada Centre for Operational Research and Analysis (DRDC CORA). She currently provides scientific support for the Canadian Army Land Warfare Centre (CALWC). She is responsible for applied research, analysis, and performance measurement in operational and organisational domains. She is recognized internationally as a subject matter expert (SME) in social science research methodologies, survey design, survey tools, seminar (table top) wargames, subject matter expert knowledge elicitation, operations assessments, and quantitative tests and measures. Recent work has focused primarily on seminar wargame methodology, military campaign assessments, public opinion research, organisational reviews, program evaluation, and operational research (OR) decision support to Canadian operational level headquarters and experimental warfare centres.



Business Wargaming Workshop.

Hans Steensma and Steven van Agt.    Slide Pack. Audio MP3 (21Mb).

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Steven van Agt works for PricewaterhouseCoopers Netherlands in sales oriented roles in business services to a broad range of industries. He is the initiator of Business War Gaming practice at PwC. He has been a Big 4 consulting director for 15 years working in large business transformations. He is a teacher at Erasmus University Rotterdam (Sales Excellence) and University of Amsterdam (Board Room Dynamics).

Hans Steensma Msc is co founder of the MFIB group (Military Formats in Business) and has run over 40 business war games. He has been an active reserve officer (O4) for 20 years and has deployed with RNLMC (UNTAC Cambodia, ARTIC EXPRESS) and on the CJTF HoA (Djibouti), AOPC HMS Dryad, and many FTXs. He has held various jobs in HR, recruitment, Learning & Development, training (with PwC Netherlands). He is a graduate of Leiden University and a Serious Gaming for Professionals program at Delft Technical University.

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Plenary 5 - Wargaming Approaches Used in Defence - Manual Wargames.

Paul Strong, DSTL.    Slide Pack. Audio MP3 (15Mb).

Roy Benda, TNO.    Slide Pack. Audio MP3 (16Mb).

Paul E. Strong is a research historian and analyst at the UK Defence Science and Technology Laboratory. He has a degree in History (RHBNC) and two masters degrees in War Studies (Kings, London), the former specialising in military history and the latter on research in social science. He is a member of the British Commission of Military History. His publications include a volume on "Artillery in the Great War" (with Sanders Marble), an edited volume of essays on "Women in Warfare" (with Celia Lee) and papers on the Role of Governance in Defeating Insurgency (ICMH) and The Peace Support Operations Model: The Strategic Interaction Process (JDMS).

Roy Benda is a Researcher at TNO, Active at the Military Operations department, conducting research in support of the armed forces and governmental organizations within the (inter)national Defence & Security domain. Research activities/projects involve (Military) Operations Analysis and Concept Development & Experimentation (CD&E).

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Plenary 6 - Wargaming Approaches Used in Defence - Computer Wargames.

Paul Pearce, DSTL.    Slide Pack. Audio MP3 (15Mb).

Tom Mouat, Defence Academy of the UK.    Slide Pack. Audio MP3 (20Mb).

Paul Pearce has 29 years of operational analysis experience ranging across a number of areas but focusing mainly on computer modelling, simulations and wargames, in support of analytical work. Paul left school at age 16 with English, History and Art O-levels. He joined the MoD as a clerical assistant in 1983, moving to the Divisional Wargame (and transitioning to the scientific side) in 1985. Following evening classes to obtain an O-level in Maths, and becoming an assistant scientific officer, he undertook part time study to gain an ONC, HNC and 1st Class Honours Degree in Computer Science (in 1995). In 2008 he went back to part time study and completed a Post Graduate Diploma in Psychology from the Open University in 2012. Currently Paul is a lead technical reviewer and principal analyst within Land Battlespace Systems Department's Future Capability Development & C4 Group, ensuring the technical quality of projects and providing technical guidance to staff. He has previously been a team leader and group leader, but decided a few years ago to return to a technical role.

Tom Mouat joined the British Army in 1979. He is a Graduate of the Army Staff College and has served worldwide. He is an expert in both manual and computer-based simulation systems, running large scale military training exercises, and designing wargames. He was the principal Exercise Planning Officer for Headquarters ARRC for 2 years prior to their first deployment to Bosnia. In Bosnia he ran the Joint Military Commission for 12 months and was awarded an MBE. Following this he ran the British Army's principal land-based computer simulation system for 3 years. Since then he has been involved in numerous exercises and training events (both computer-assisted and manual). He also served as a Requirements Manager in the UK MOD's procurement organization for nearly 5 years. He was awarded the Chief of Defence Material Commendation for innovation and costs saving while he was there. He has a Masters Degree in Simulation and Modelling, has published articles and delivered lectures about simulations, military history and wargames for professional development, education and recreation since 1983. He is a contributing author to the "Handbook of Research on Serious Games as Educational, Business and Research Tools" as well as "Dark Guest: Training Games for Cyberwarfare". He is currently the Directing Staff officer responsible for Modelling and Simulation at the Defence Academy of the UK and has recently been awarded the Chief Scientific Officer's Commendation for his contribution to science and technology.



Breakout 2 - The future direction of wargaming.

Session Chaired by Prof Phil Sabin.    Audio MP3 (131Mb) (Runs for 57 min).

Philip Sabin is Professor of Strategic Studies in the Department of War Studies at King's College London. He has worked closely with the UK military for many years, especially through the University of London Military Education Committee, the Chief of the Air Staff's Air Power Workshop, and KCL's academic links with the Defence Academy and the Royal College of Defence Studies. Professor Sabin's current research and teaching involves strategic and tactical analysis of conflict dynamics, with a particular focus on ancient warfare and 20th century air power. He makes particular use of conflict simulation techniques to model the dynamics of various conflicts, and for ten years he has taught a higly innovative MA option module in which students design their own simulations of past conflicts. He has written or edited 15 books and monographs and several dozen chapters and articles on a wide variety of military topics. His recent books Lost Battles (2007) and Simulating War (2012) both make major contributions to the scholarly application of conflict simulation techniques. Professor Sabin has appeared frequently on radio and television, and has given many lectures and conference addresses around the world.



Closing Remarks.

Prof Phil Sabin, Tom Mouat, Graham Longley-Brown.    Audio MP3 (15Mb).

The LinkedIn Group for Connections UK, mentioned, is here: https://www.linkedin.com/groups/Connections-UK-Professional-Wargame-Practitioners

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